Flossing is an integral part of oral hygiene. Together with brushing, it helps to remove plaque buildup in the mouth. But this process can lead to bleeding. Below are some possible reasons why your gums bleed when flossing;
Periodontal disease is a common reason why bleeding occurs when flossing. In this case, you should visit the doctor immediately. Periodontal disease can result in inflammation. Bacterial plaque or tartar seen beneath the gum tissue can cause inflammation. This disease can be reversed with treatment if diagnosed early.
Lack of Habitual Brushing and Flossing
It is normal for a first-timer flosser to experience bleeding. Inconsistent flossing habits can cause a low gum adaptation to flossing pressure. It feels like the first time every time you resume flossing after taking a break. This leads to gum irritation and can cause bleeding.
Certain Medical Conditions
Some specific medical conditions can make the gums bleed when flossing or brushing. Vitamin C and K deficiencies are two common conditions that can cause this. The presence of adequate Vitamin C helps tissues grow and repair. And vitamin K is important in blood clotting. The absence of these vitamins can result in gum bleeding when flossing. Bleeding can also be a sign of systemic conditions. Ill-controlled or undiagnosed diabetes is a typical example.
The buildup of bacteria in the teeth and gums can lead to bleeding while flossing. Bacteria can build up around a poorly restored filling or crown. This results in gum irritation tissue. And it reflects as bleeding when you floss.
Rough Flossing Techniques
Bleeding can occur if you brush your teeth or floss the wrong way. If your brush bristles are too hard or the applied pressure is too much, your gums might start bleeding. While, rough flossing techniques may irritate the gum and cause bleeding. It is best to start gently and focus on working up and down the curve of each tooth. Read more about best ways to floss.